Cambodia Facts

Angkor Wat Temple, Siem Reap, Cambodia

Cambodia Facts

Country Name: The Kingdom of Cambodia
Location: 11° 33′ N, 104° 55′ E (Phnom Penh); Southeast Asia, bordered by Vietnam, Thailand and Laos and the South China Sea
Capital: Phnom Penh
Government: Constitutional Monarchy
Other Major Cities: Siem Reap (gateway to Angkor), Sihanoukville (commercial port and beaches), Battambang, Kampong Cham.
Language: Khmer
Religion: Thervada Buddhism (96.9%), Islam, Christianity, Animism
Ethnic Groups: Khmer (~95%), ethnic-Chinese, ethnic-Vietnamese, Cham, several ethnic minority groups, most located in the northeastern section of the country (groups include: Kuy, Mnong, Stieng, Brao, Tampuan, Pear, Jarai, Radee, Brao, Krung and Kavet.)
Climate: Tropical
Terrain: Mostly low, flat plains; mountains in southwest and north
Population: 16 million (2018 estimate)
Land Area: 181,035 km2
Major Geographic Features: Tonle Sap Lake, Mekong River, Tonle Sap River, Bassac River, Mt. Oral
Tourist Attractions: Angkor Wat, Bayon, Temples of Angkor, National Museum, Royal Palace, Killing Fields, Beaches, Eco-tourism
International Airports: Phnom Penh and Siem Reap
Money: Riel
Voltage: 220v/50Hz
Time: GMT +7 hours
Country Calling Code: 855
Business Hours: 7:30-11:00 / 2:00-5:00
Closed Saturday afternoon and Sunday

International Gate Ways:

  • Phnom Penh International Airport
  • Siem Reap International Airport
  • Sihanoukville Autonomous Port

International Border Checkpoints (partial list)

  • Bavet (Svay Rieng Province)
  • Kaam Samnor-Koh Rokar (Kandal-Prey Veng)
  • Cham Yeam (Koh Kong Province)
  • Poipet (Banteay Meanchhey Province)
  • O’Smach (Oddar Meanchhey Province)
  • Phnom Den (Takeo Province)
  • Dong Krolor (Stung Treng Province)

Visas can be obtained at Royal Embassies and Consulates of Cambodia
Visa on arrival: valid for 30 days, is issued at Phnom Penh International Airport, Siem Reap International Airport and most international border crossing.
Visa fee: Business visa: USD35, Tourist visa: USD30.

Transport From the Airport
The Phnom Penh International Airport sits about 9km (40-60 minutes) from city center. Transportation into the city can be hired just outside the lobby for set prices: Car Taxi: $9 into the city; $12 for destinations beyond the city center; $15 to distant parts of the city. Tuk-tuk (moto-remorque): $7 into the city. Drivers often ask for an additional $2 for destinations past town center. Motorcycle taxi: Motodups can be found just outside of the airport and hired for $2-$4, though they sometimes charge another $1 past town center.

Siem Reap Airport: The airport sits 6km from town. Outside the terminal is a ticket booth for registered taxis into town. Independent taxis and motorcycles wait just outside the airport. The price is the same for both: motorcycles are $1 and cars are $5 into town. Most hotels offer free transportation from the airport but you must notify them in advance of your arrival.

City Airport Codes:

  • Phnom Penh: PNH
  • Siem Reap: REP
  • Battambang: BBM
  • Mondulkiri: MWV
  • Ratanakiri: RBE
  • Stung Treng: TNX
  • Sihanoukville: KOS
  • Koh Kong: KKZ
  • Poipet: HPP
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